短篇小说

短篇小说

自从毕业参加工作之后,便很少看书了,越觉得自己少了很多爱好,生活单调了许多。前些天,工作群里,小伙伴分享了京东卖书的一个链接,99元10本书,十分诱人的折扣,我也想着买些书好好看看,就买了好些以前大学时期想看却没有看的文学名著。快递到了之后,就优先从短篇小说开始看了,因为短篇小说花不了多少时间就可以看完和了解一个故事,不像长篇小说,需要时间和精力去维持。

莫泊桑(1850-1893)

19世纪后半期法国优秀的批判现实主义作家,曾拜法国著名作家福楼拜为师。一生创作了6部长篇小说和350多篇中短篇小说,游记3部。他的文学成就以短篇小说最为突出,与契诃夫和欧.亨利并成为“世界三大短篇小说家”,对后世产生极大影响,被誉为“短篇小说之王”。他的小说在艺术手法上也有很深的造诣,特别是短篇小说。他的作品重视结构的布局,行文波澜起伏,引人入胜,故事情节巧妙真实,结局出人意料,又在情理之中;另一个突出特点是用洗练的笔墨揭示人物的内心世界,塑造了很多鲜明、生动的艺术形象。

首先我是看了欧.亨利的两篇代表作:《麦琪的礼物》和《爱的奉献》,两篇小说再突出的精神和意义上非常相似,都是描述两个人之间无私纯真,最美好的爱情。《麦琪的礼物》杰姆和德拉为圣诞节,都倾其所有,为对方买了世界上最好最适合,最配得上对方的礼物,虽然最终两件礼物都变成无用之物,但是他们之间的爱令人动容,对方才是对于他们彼此最好的礼物。《爱的奉献》乔和迪莉亚两人都想成全彼此对于艺术梦想的追求,因而撒谎,扯出了“为了艺术,做什么牺牲都是值得的”的名义,但是真正让他们做出牺牲的是他们对彼此那份深深的爱。

接下来几天,我相继看了几篇莫泊桑的小说,其中有《项链》《珠宝》《两个朋友》《羊脂球》《小酒桶》。

《项链》讲述了一个家庭平庸,却总是幻想着奢华贵族生活的玛蒂尔德,为了满足自己的虚荣心,用丈夫凑起来的钱做了一身漂亮的衣服,并且从朋友那里借了一串珍珠项链,参加了梦想中的一场宴会。但是因为项链的丢失,她和丈夫花了整整十年的时间去偿还项链的借款。在我看来,她不是为那串项链付出了十年的青春和劳动,而是为她虚荣不切实际的想法付出了代价。

《珠宝》讲述了一份真挚幸福的爱情和虚假的珠宝,最终却反转为虚假卑微的生活和真正的珠宝。男主人公,仅仅花了一天的时间就忘却了那些珠宝是虚荣的妻子以身体换来的,开始尽情的享受这屈辱的珠宝带来的好处。妻子,表面上是如此的贤惠,将家庭的生活支付维持得如此巧妙,但内心却是,如此的爱慕虚荣,不惜出卖自己的身体,欺骗自己的丈夫。

《两个朋友》整个文章以非常平淡的口吻和描述,叙说着两个朋友之间相知、志趣相投和对美好生活的向往,钓鱼是他们相同的爱好,却也是他们对于积极向上美好生活的一种体现。

《羊脂球》文章开篇,以细致的描述,为我们介绍了整个寒冷和沉闷的氛围,并逐一形象的描述了马车上的每一个人,从他们的穿着、体型和谈话的语气,以及他们的背景和观念。从马车一路上行驶途中,人们对于羊脂球的态度,尤其是在羊脂球分享她的食物、以及羊脂球被迫屈服于军官,满足了他的淫欲之后,人们那之前热情和后面嫌弃的态度,是多么大的反差,写出了人们心中的丑恶。以及他们在为了自身安危,奉劝羊脂球去答应军官时的虚假面孔,真是让人觉得恶心。

《小酒桶》希科老板阴险狡猾,一心想要占有玛格卢瓦尔老婆婆的院子,最终只以三年多每年50个5法郎的银币,诱惑和占有了老婆婆价值6万法郎的产业。不得不说,这个希科老板真的是非常阴险狡猾,为了达到目的花尽了心思,但是老婆婆本身贪婪的本质也给了希科老板最好的机会。

未完待续

小青菜

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